Dogs are a part of the family, and as such, we want to do everything we can to keep them healthy. But with so much information out there, it can be hard to know where to start. That’s why we’ve put together this guide to dog health, covering everything from basic care to common health problems.


Basic Care

Here are some of the most important things you can do to keep your dog healthy:

  • Feed your dog a healthy diet. This means feeding them a high-quality food that is appropriate for their age, size, and activity level.
  • Give your dog plenty of exercise. Dogs need regular exercise to stay fit and healthy. Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise per day.
  • Keep your dog’s vaccinations up to date. Vaccinations help to protect your dog from serious diseases.
  • Take your dog to the vet for regular check-ups. This will help your vet to catch any health problems early on.
  • Brush your dog’s teeth regularly. This will help to prevent gum disease and tooth decay.
  • Trim your dog’s nails regularly. Long nails can be painful for your dog and can also damage furniture and floors.
  • Clean your dog’s ears regularly. This will help to prevent ear infections.
  • Check your dog’s skin and coat regularly for any signs of problems.

Common Health Problems

Here are some of the most common health problems that dogs face:

  • Ear infections. Ear infections are a common problem in dogs, especially those with floppy ears. Symptoms include itching, redness, and discharge from the ear.
  • Gum disease. Gum disease is a serious problem that can lead to tooth loss and other health problems. Symptoms include redness, swelling, and bleeding gums.
  • Heartworm disease. Heartworm disease is a serious parasitic infection that can be fatal. Symptoms include coughing, weight loss, and difficulty breathing.
  • Leptospirosis. Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection that can cause a variety of symptoms, including fever, vomiting, and diarrhea.
  • Lyme disease. Lyme disease is a bacterial infection that is transmitted to dogs through the bite of infected ticks. Symptoms include fever, lameness, and swollen lymph nodes.
  • Pancreatitis. Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas that can be life-threatening. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.
  • Parasites. Parasites can infect dogs in a variety of ways, including through contact with infected animals, contaminated food or water, or the bite of an infected insect. Symptoms vary depending on the type of parasite, but can include diarrhea, vomiting, and weight loss.
  • Rabies. Rabies is a viral disease that is fatal to both humans and animals. It is spread through the bite of an infected animal. Symptoms include fever, seizures, and paralysis.
  • Skin problems. Skin problems are a common problem in dogs, and can be caused by a variety of factors, including allergies, parasites, and infections. Symptoms vary depending on the underlying cause, but can include itching, redness, and hair loss.

If You’re Concerned About Your Dog’s Health

If you’re concerned about your dog’s health, it’s important to take them to the vet for a check-up. The vet will be able to diagnose any health problems and recommend treatment options.


Keeping your dog healthy is important for both their physical and mental well-being. By following the tips in this guide, you can help to ensure that your dog lives a long and healthy life.